Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

(MARK ONE)

 

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED June 30, 2013

 

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM              TO              

 

Commission File No. 001-35779

 

USA Compression Partners, LP

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 

75-2771546

(State or Other Jurisdiction
of Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

 

 

100 Congress Avenue, Suite 450
Austin, Texas

 

78701

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

(512) 473-2662

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

 

Large accelerated filer o

 

Accelerated filer o

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer x

 

Smaller reporting company o

 

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o Nox

 

As of August 9, 2013, there were 15,335,767 common units and 14,048,588 subordinated units outstanding.

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Page

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

1

ITEM 1.

Financial Statements

1

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

1

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

2

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Partners’ Capital

3

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

4

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

5

ITEM 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

13

ITEM 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

23

ITEM 4.

Controls and Procedures

23

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

24

ITEM 1.

Legal Proceedings

24

ITEM 1A.

Risk Factors

24

ITEM 5.

Other Information

24

ITEM 6.

Exhibits

25

SIGNATURES

26

 

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Table of Contents

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.          Financial Statements

 

USA COMPRESSION PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012
(unaudited)

 

 

 

June 30,
2013

 

December 31,
2012

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

6,500

 

$

6,500

 

Accounts receivable:

 

 

 

 

 

Trade

 

10,830,391

 

8,618,164

 

Other

 

46,385

 

136,907

 

Inventory

 

5,880,350

 

4,215,267

 

Prepaid expenses

 

1,429,674

 

1,799,652

 

Total current assets

 

18,193,300

 

14,776,490

 

Property and equipment, net

 

641,630,317

 

610,129,710

 

Identifiable intangible asset-customer relationships

 

66,000,000

 

67,200,000

 

Identifiable intangible asset-trade names

 

14,040,000

 

14,352,000

 

Goodwill

 

157,075,195

 

157,075,195

 

Other assets

 

4,379,620

 

9,111,350

 

Total assets

 

$

901,318,432

 

$

872,644,745

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Partners’ Capital

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

4,551,922

 

$

10,650,727

 

Accrued liabilities

 

7,021,818

 

5,590,028

 

Deferred revenue

 

11,122,513

 

10,611,395

 

Total current liabilities

 

22,696,253

 

26,852,150

 

Long-term debt

 

352,952,018

 

502,266,210

 

Other liabilities

 

86,731

 

 

Partners’ capital:

 

 

 

 

 

Limited partner units:

 

 

 

 

 

Common units, 15,334,813 units outstanding at June 30, 2013

 

258,869,080

 

 

Subordinated units, 14,048,588 units outstanding at June 30, 2013

 

255,773,283

 

 

General partner units, 2% interest with 599,661 equivalent units issued and outstanding at June 30, 2013

 

10,941,067

 

 

Limited partners’ capital

 

 

341,130,323

 

General partner’s capital

 

 

2,396,062

 

Total partners’ capital

 

525,583,430

 

343,526,385

 

Total liabilities and partners’ capital

 

$

901,318,432

 

$

872,644,745

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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USA COMPRESSION PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2013 and 2012
(unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

2013

 

2012

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contract operations

 

$

33,144,233

 

$

28,355,059

 

$

65,039,859

 

$

54,906,678

 

Parts and service

 

165,880

 

515,212

 

874,095

 

1,087,816

 

Total revenues

 

33,310,113

 

28,870,271

 

65,913,954

 

55,994,494

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of operations, exclusive of depreciation and amortization

 

10,131,215

 

9,122,312

 

20,551,239

 

18,143,733

 

Selling, general, and administrative

 

5,548,408

 

4,724,445

 

10,443,206

 

8,418,203

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

12,172,639

 

10,232,773

 

23,850,513

 

19,661,207

 

Loss (Gain) on sale of assets

 

129,689

 

42,465

 

104,458

 

203,292

 

Total costs and expenses

 

27,981,951

 

24,121,995

 

54,949,416

 

46,426,435

 

Operating income

 

5,328,162

 

4,748,276

 

10,964,538

 

9,568,059

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

(2,870,512

)

(3,714,951

)

(5,934,176

)

(7,248,548

)

Other

 

1,975

 

11,171

 

5,555

 

15,683

 

Total other expense

 

(2,868,537

)

(3,703,780

)

(5,928,621

)

(7,232,865

)

Net income before income tax expense

 

2,459,625

 

1,044,496

 

5,035,917

 

2,335,194

 

Income tax expense

 

58,192

 

47,974

 

113,682

 

95,974

 

Net income

 

$

2,401,433

 

$

996,522

 

$

4,922,235

 

$

2,239,220

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings allocated to general partner prior to initial public offering on January 18, 2013

 

$

 

$

9,965

 

$

5,351

 

$

22,392

 

Earnings available for limited partners prior to initial public offering on January 18, 2013

 

$

 

$

986,557

 

$

529,743

 

$

2,216,828

 

Net income subsequent to initial public offering on January 18, 2013

 

$

2,401,433

 

$

 

$

4,387,141

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income subsequent to initial public offering allocated to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General partner’s interest in net income

 

$

48,029

 

$

 

$

87,743

 

$

 

Common units interest in net income

 

$

1,227,132

 

$

 

$

2,241,829

 

$

 

Subordinated units interest in net income

 

$

1,126,272

 

$

 

$

2,057,569

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common units outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

15,196,880

 

 

15,130,872

 

 

Diluted

 

15,241,866

 

 

15,155,834

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average subordinated units outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and Diluted

 

14,048,588

 

 

14,048,588

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income per common unit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.08

 

$

 

$

0.15

 

$

 

Diluted

 

$

0.08

 

$

 

$

0.15

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income per subordinated unit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and Diluted

 

$

0.08

 

$

 

$

0.15

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Distributions declared and paid per limited partner unit in respective periods

 

$

0.348

 

$

 

$

0.348

 

$

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

USA COMPRESSION PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Partners’ Capital

Six Months Ended June 30, 2013
(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Partners’ Capital

 

Total

 

 

 

General

 

Limited

 

Common Units

 

Subordinated Units

 

General Partner Units

 

partners’

 

 

 

partners

 

partners

 

Units

 

Amount

 

Units

 

Amount

 

Units

 

Amount

 

capital

 

Partners’ capital, December 31, 2012

 

$

2,396,062

 

$

341,130,323

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

$

343,526,385

 

Net income January 1, 2013 - January 18, 2013

 

5,351

 

529,743

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

535,094

 

Conversion of Partners’ capital for common and subordinated units, Incentive Distribution Rights, and General Partner interest

 

(2,401,413

)

(341,660,066

)

4,048,588

 

74,525,893

 

14,048,588

 

258,604,623

 

593,820

 

10,930,963

 

 

Issuance of common units in initial public offering

 

 

 

11,000,000

 

180,555,381

 

 

 

 

 

180,555,381

 

Vesting of phantom units

 

 

 

954

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General partner contribution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,841

 

129,010

 

129,010

 

Cash distributions and DERs

 

 

 

 

(5,323,972

)

 

(4,888,909

)

 

(206,649

)

(10,419,530

)

Proceeds from issuance of common units

 

 

 

285,271

 

6,302,499

 

 

 

 

 

6,302,499

 

Unit-based compensation

 

 

 

 

567,450

 

 

 

 

 

567,450

 

Net income January 19, 2013 - June 30, 2013

 

 

 

 

2,241,829

 

 

2,057,569

 

 

87,743

 

4,387,141

 

Partners’ capital, June 30, 2013

 

$

 

$

 

15,334,813

 

$

258,869,080

 

14,048,588

 

$

255,773,283

 

599,661

 

$

10,941,067

 

$

525,583,430

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

USA COMPRESSION PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

Six Months Ended June 30, 2013 and 2012
(unaudited)

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

4,922,235

 

$

2,239,220

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

23,850,513

 

19,661,207

 

Amortization of debt issue costs and other

 

924,215

 

766,949

 

Unit-based compensation expense

 

567,450

 

 

Net loss on sale of assets

 

104,458

 

203,292

 

Net gain on change in fair value of interest rate swap

 

 

(1,483,188

)

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable and advances to employees

 

(2,121,705

)

(495,320

)

Inventory

 

(1,665,083

)

(225,607

)

Prepaids

 

369,978

 

498,198

 

Other noncurrent assets

 

3,838,108

 

(590,780

)

Accounts payable

 

(7,073,840

)

(5,182,007

)

Accrued liabilities and deferred revenue

 

1,792,908

 

2,630,048

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

25,509,237

 

18,022,012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

 

(52,889,261

)

(106,594,596

)

Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

 

70,717

 

1,281,305

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(52,818,544

)

(105,313,291

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from short-term and long-term debt

 

101,142,544

 

147,093,076

 

Payments on short-term and long-term debt

 

(250,456,736

)

(58,237,439

)

Net proceeds from issuance of common units

 

180,555,381

 

 

Cash distributions

 

(4,030,300

)

 

General partner contribution

 

129,010

 

 

Financing Costs

 

(30,592

)

(1,560,858

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

27,309,307

 

87,294,779

 

Increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

3,500

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

6,500

 

3,000

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

 

$

6,500

 

$

6,500

 

Supplemental cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

5,480,472

 

$

7,779,929

 

Cash paid for taxes

 

$

196,091

 

$

154,785

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

USA COMPRESSION PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(1)   Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

(a)   Organization

 

USA Compression Partners, LP (the “Partnership”) is a publicly traded Delaware limited partnership formed to own and operate the business conducted by its subsidiaries. The common units representing limited partner interests in the Partnership are listed on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the symbol “USAC.” USA Compression GP, LLC, the general partner of the Partnership (“General Partner”), is owned by USA Compression Holdings, LLC (“USA Compression Holdings”). Unless the context requires otherwise, references to “we,” “us,” “our,” or “the Partnership” are intended to mean the business and operations of USA Compression Partners, LP and its consolidated subsidiaries. On January 18, 2013, the Partnership completed its initial public offering (“IPO”) pursuant to a Registration Statement on Form S-1, as amended (Reg. No. 333-174803), that was declared effective on January 14, 2013 (the “Registration Statement”). Under the Registration Statement, the Partnership sold 11,000,000 common units at a price to the public of $18.00 per common unit, which generated net proceeds to the Partnership of $180,555,381 after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of $12,127,500, structuring fees of $742,500 and offering expenses of $4,574,619, including $139,180 of expenses related to the effective registration statement with the SEC that registers the issuance of up to 4,150,000 of the Partnership’s common units in connection with a distribution reinvestment plan (“DRIP”) . Upon closing of the IPO, USA Compression Holdings received consideration of a 2% general partner interest, 14,048,588 subordinated units, 4,048,588 common units of the Partnership, and all of the Incentive Distribution Rights (“IDRs”) for its prior equity interest.

 

The Partnership, together with its wholly-owned subsidiary USA Compression Partners, LLC (“Operating Subsidiary”) and Operating Subsidiary’s wholly-owned subsidiary USAC Leasing LLC (“Leasing Subsidiary”), primarily provides natural gas compression services under term contracts with customers in the oil and gas industry, using natural gas compressor packages that it designs, engineers, operates and maintains. The consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2013 and 2012 include the accounts of the Partnership, the Operating Subsidiary and the Leasing Subsidiary and all intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Our ownership is as follows:

 

 

 

June 30, 2013

 

 

 

USA Compression
Holdings

 

Public

 

Total

 

General partner interest

 

2.0

%

 

2.0

%

Limited partner interest:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common unitholders

 

14.4

%

36.7

%

51.1

%

Subordinated unitholders

 

46.9

%

 

46.9

%

Total

 

63.3

%

36.7

%

100.0

%

 

Partnership net income (loss) is allocated to the partners in proportion to their respective interest in the Partnership.

 

(b)   Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Partnership have been prepared on the same basis as the audited consolidated financial statements included in the Partnership’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012. In the opinion of the Partnership’s management, such financial information reflects all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position as of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, and the results of operations, changes in partners’ capital and changes in cash flows for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). All intercompany items and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Therefore, these consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Partnership’s audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended

 

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December 31, 2012 contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 28, 2013. As the closing of the Partnership’s IPO occurred on January 18, 2013, the earnings and earnings per unit for the six months ended June 30, 2013 have been pro-rated to reflect earnings on a pre-IPO and post-IPO basis.

 

(c)   Use of Estimates

 

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with GAAP, which includes the use of estimates and assumptions by management that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities that exist at the date of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. Although these estimates are based on management’s available knowledge of current and expected future events, actual results could be different from those estimates.

 

(d)   Intangible Assets

 

As of June 30, 2013, intangible assets, net consisted of the following:

 

 

 

Customer
Relationships

 

Trade Names

 

Total

 

Balance at December 31, 2012

 

$

67,200,000

 

$

14,352,000

 

$

81,552,000

 

Amortization

 

(1,200,000

)

(312,000

)

(1,512,000

)

Balance at June 30, 2013

 

$

66,000,000

 

$

14,040,000

 

$

80,040,000

 

 

Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives, which is the period over which the assets are expected to contribute directly or indirectly to the Partnership’s future cash flows. As of June 30, 2013, the amortization periods of customer relationships and trade names vary between 25 and 30 years. The expected amortization of the intangible assets for each of the five succeeding years is as follows:

 

Year ending December 31,

 

Total

 

2013 (remaining)

 

$

1,512,000

 

2014

 

3,024,000

 

2015

 

3,024,000

 

2016

 

3,024,000

 

2017

 

3,024,000

 

 

The Partnership assesses long-lived assets, including intangible assets, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability is assessed by comparing the carrying amount of an asset to undiscounted future net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured as the amount by which the carrying amounts exceed the fair value of the assets. The Partnership did not record any impairment of intangible assets in the six months ended June 30, 2013 or year ended December 31, 2012.

 

(e)   Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Accounting standards on fair value measurement establish a framework for measuring fair value and stipulate disclosures about fair value measurements. The standards apply to recurring and nonrecurring financial and non-financial assets and liabilities that require or permit fair value measurements. Among the required disclosures is the fair value hierarchy of inputs the Partnership uses to value an asset or a liability. The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described as follows:

 

Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Partnership has the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

Level 2 inputs are inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.

 

Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.

 

The Partnership’s financial instruments consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable, trade accounts payable and long-term debt. The book values of cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts

 

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receivable, and trade accounts payable are representative of fair value due to their short term maturity. The carrying amounts of long-term debt approximates fair value based on the interest rates charged on instruments with similar terms and risks.

 

(2)   Trade Accounts Receivable

 

Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest. The allowance for doubtful accounts of $299,271 and $259,638 at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively, is the Partnership’s best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in the Partnership’s existing accounts receivable. The Partnership determines the allowance based upon historical write-off experience and specific identification. The Partnership does not have any off-balance-sheet credit exposure related to its customers.

 

(3)   Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment consisted of the following at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012:

 

 

 

June 30,
2013

 

December 31,
2012

 

Compression equipment

 

$

717,555,235

 

666,811,135

 

Furniture and fixtures

 

560,460

 

438,556

 

Automobiles and vehicles

 

9,282,768

 

7,587,725

 

Computer equipment

 

4,277,448

 

3,206,311

 

Leasehold improvements

 

112,123

 

97,623

 

Total

 

731,788,034

 

678,141,350

 

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(90,157,717

)

(68,011,640

)

Total

 

$

641,630,317

 

610,129,710

 

 

The Partnership has no compression units with material customer lease/purchase options. We recognized $11,416,639 and $9,476,773 of depreciation expense on property, plant and equipment for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

 

As of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, there was $975,035 and $5,940,149, respectively, of property and equipment purchases in accounts payable and accrued liabilities.

 

(4)   Long-Term Debt

 

The long-term debt of the Partnership, of which there is no current portion, consisted of the following at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012:

 

 

 

June 30,
2013

 

December 31,
2012

 

Senior debt

 

$

352,952,018

 

$

502,266,210

 

 

On June 1, 2012, the Partnership made a third amendment to the credit agreement whereby the aggregate commitment under the facility increased from $500,000,000 to $600,000,000. In addition, on June 1, 2012, the Partnership entered into the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement in order to provide a structure that the Partnership believes is more appropriate for a public company than was in the prior credit agreement, including a reduction of the applicable margin for LIBOR loans to a range of 175 to 250 basis points above LIBOR, depending on the Partnership’s leverage ratio. The Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement became effective on January 18, 2013, the closing date of the Partnership’s initial public offering. On January 18, 2013, the Partnership completed its IPO pursuant to the Registration Statement and used the net proceeds from the offering to repay $180,646,751 of indebtedness outstanding under its revolving credit facility.

 

On December 10, 2012, the Partnership amended the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement to extend the periods during which the maximum funded debt to EBITDA ratio thresholds will apply. In addition, borrowing availability under the revolving credit facility was linked to the Partnership’s asset base, with the increased maximum capacity of $600,000,000 (subject to a further potential increase of $50,000,000). The revolving credit facility is secured by a first priority lien against the Partnership’s assets and matures on October 5, 2015, at which point all amounts outstanding will become due.

 

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At June 30, 2013, subject to financial covenants, borrowing availability was $247,047,982. The borrowing base consists of eligible accounts receivable, inventory and compression units. The largest component, representing 97% and 95% of the borrowing base at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively, is eligible compression units — compressor packages that are leased, rented or under service contracts to customers and carried in the financial statements as fixed assets.

 

The revolving credit facility expires in 2015 and the Partnership expects to maintain its facility for the term. The facility is a “revolving credit facility” that includes a “springing” lock box arrangement, whereby remittances from customers are forwarded to a bank account controlled by the Partnership, and the Partnership is not required to use such remittances to reduce borrowings under the facility, unless there is a default or excess availability under the facility is reduced below $20,000,000. The facility qualifies as a refinancing, and, as such, the debt has been classified as long term at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012.

 

The Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement permits us to make distributions of available cash to unitholders so long as (a) no default or event of default under the facility occurs or would result from the distribution, (b) immediately prior to and after giving effect to such distribution, the Partnership is in compliance with the facility’s financial covenants and (c) immediately after giving effect to such distribution, the Partnership has availability under the revolving credit facility of at least $20,000,000. In addition, the amended and restated credit agreement contains various covenants that may limit, among other things, the Partnership’s ability to:

 

·                  grant liens;

 

·                  make certain loans or investments;

 

·                  incur additional indebtedness or guarantee other indebtedness;

 

·                  subject to exceptions, enter into transactions with affiliates;

 

·                  sell the Partnership’s assets; or

 

·                  acquire additional assets.

 

The Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement also contains financial covenants requiring the Partnership to maintain:

 

·                  a minimum EBITDA to interest coverage ratio of 2.5 to 1.0; and

 

·                  a maximum funded debt to EBITDA ratio, determined as of the last day of each fiscal quarter, for the twelve month period then ending of (a) 5.50 to 1.0, with respect to any fiscal quarter ending on or after January 18, 2013, the closing date of the Partnership’s initial public offering, through March 31, 2014 or (b) 5.00 to 1.0, with respect to the fiscal quarter ending June 30, 2014 and each fiscal quarter thereafter, in each case subject to a provision for increases to such thresholds by 0.5 in connection with certain future acquisitions for the six consecutive month period following the period in which any such acquisition occurs.

 

If an event of default exists under the revolving credit facility, the lenders will be able to accelerate the maturity of the revolving credit facility and exercise other rights and remedies. As of June 30, 2013, the Partnership was in compliance with these financial covenants.

 

(5)   Partner’s Capital

 

In connection with the closing of the Partnership’s IPO, USA Compression Holdings converted its interests in the Partnership into 4,048,588 common and 14,048,588 subordinated units and USA Compression GP, LLC converted its general partner interest in the Partnership into a 2.0% general partner interest and the incentive distribution rights. See the condensed consolidated statement of changes in Partners’ Capital.

 

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Subordinated Units

 

All of the subordinated units are held by USA Compression Holdings. The partnership agreement provides that, during the subordination period, the common units have the right to receive distributions of Available Cash (as defined in our partnership agreement) each quarter in an amount equal to $0.425 per common unit (the “Minimum Quarterly Distribution”), plus any arrearages in the payment of the Minimum Quarterly Distribution on the common units from prior quarters, before any distributions of Available Cash may be made on the subordinated units. These units are deemed “subordinated” because for a period of time, referred to as the subordination period, the subordinated units will not be entitled to receive any distributions until the common units have received the Minimum Quarterly Distribution plus any arrearages from prior quarters. The practical effect of the subordinated units is to increase the likelihood that during the subordination period there will be Available Cash to be distributed on the common units. The subordination period will end on the first business day after we have earned and paid at least (i) $1.70 (the Minimum Quarterly Distribution on an annualized basis) on each outstanding unit and the corresponding distribution on our general partner’s 2.0% interest for each of three consecutive, non-overlapping four-quarter periods ending on or after December 31, 2015 or (ii) $2.55 (150.0% of the annualized Minimum Quarterly Distribution) on each outstanding unit and the corresponding distributions on our general partner’s 2.0% interest and the related distribution on the incentive distribution rights for the four-quarter period immediately preceding that date. When the subordination period ends, all subordinated units will convert into common units on a one-for-one basis, and all common units thereafter will no longer be entitled to arrearages.

 

Incentive Distribution Rights

 

Our general partner holds the incentive distribution rights (“IDRs”). The following table illustrates the percentage allocations of available cash from operating surplus between the unitholders and our general partner based on the specified target distribution levels. The amounts set forth under “Marginal percentage interest in distributions” are the percentage interests of our general partner and the unitholders in any available cash from operating surplus we distribute up to and including the corresponding amount in the column “Total quarterly distribution per unit.” The percentage interests shown for our unitholders and our general partner for the minimum quarterly distribution are also applicable to quarterly distribution amounts that are less than the minimum quarterly distribution. The percentage interests set forth below for our general partner include its 2.0% general partner interest, assume our general partner has contributed any additional capital necessary to maintain its 2.0% general partner interest and has not transferred its incentive distribution rights and there are no arrearages on common units.

 

 

 

Total quarterly

 

Marginal percentage interest in
distributions

 

 

 

distribution per unit

 

Unitholders

 

General partner

 

Minimum Quarterly Distribution

 

$0.425

 

98

%

2

%

First Target Distribution

 

up to $0.4888

 

98

%

2

%

Second Target Distribution

 

above $0.4888 up to $0.5313

 

85

%

15

%

Third Target Distribution

 

above $0.5313 up to $0.6375

 

75

%

25

%

Thereafter

 

above $0.6375

 

50

%

50

%

 

To the extent these incentive distributions are made to our general partner, there will be more Available Cash proportionately allocated to our general partner than to holders of our common and subordinated units.

 

Within 45 days after the end of each quarter, the Partnership intends to make cash distributions to the members of record on the applicable record date. On May 15, 2013, the Partnership paid a cash distribution for the first quarter of 2013 of approximately $10.3 million to its unitholders of record as of the close of business on May 3, 2013 at the rate of $0.348 per unit on its common and subordinated units. This prorated amount corresponds to 72 days of a quarterly cash distribution rate of $0.435 per unit. Certain limited partners, including USA Compression Holdings, LLC, have elected to receive distributions in the form of additional common units in accordance with the Partnership’s Distribution Reinvestment Plan. Such distributions, which are treated as non-cash transactions in the accompanying statements of cash flows totaled, $6.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013.

 

On July 23, 2013, the Partnership announced a cash distribution of $0.44 per unit on its common and subordinated units. This second quarter distribution corresponds to an annualized distribution rate of $1.76 per unit.

 

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The distribution will be paid on August 14, 2013 to unitholders of record as of the close of business on August 2, 2013. USA Compression Holdings, LLC, the owner of 62.6% of the Partnership’s outstanding common and subordinated units, has informed the Partnership that it intends to reinvest under the Partnership’s Distribution Reinvestment Plan all of this distribution with respect to its units.

 

Earnings Per Common and Subordinated Unit

 

The computations of earnings per common and subordinated unit are based on the weighted average number of common and subordinated units, respectively, outstanding during the applicable period. The Partnership’s subordinated units meet the definition of a participating security and therefore it is required to use the two-class method in the computation of earnings per unit. Basic earnings per common and subordinated unit are determined by dividing net income allocated to the common and subordinated units, respectively, after deducting the amount allocated to the Partnership’s general partner (including distributions to the general partner on its incentive distribution rights), by the weighted average number of outstanding common and subordinated units, respectively, during the period.

 

Pursuant to the partnership agreement, to the extent that the quarterly distributions exceed certain targets, the general partner is entitled to receive certain incentive distributions that will result in more earnings proportionately being allocated to the general partner than to the holders of common and subordinated units. Our earnings per unit calculations, which allocate 2% of earnings to the general partner, assume that, while such distribution to the general partner with respect to its 2% general partner interest was made, no incentive distributions were permitted to be, or were, made to the general partner because quarterly distributions declared by the board of directors for the second quarter of 2013 did not exceed the specified targets.

 

(6)   Equity-based Awards

 

Long-Term Incentive Plan

 

In March 2013, the Board adopted the USA Compression Partners, LP 2013 Long-Term Incentive Plan (“LTIP”) for employees, consultants and directors of the general partner and any of its affiliates who perform services for the Partnership. The LTIP consists of unit options, unit appreciation rights, restricted units, phantom units, distribution equivalent rights, unit awards, profits interest units and other unit-based awards. The LTIP initially limits the number of common units that may be delivered pursuant to awards under the plan to 1,410,000 common units. Common units that are forfeited, cancelled, exercised, paid, or otherwise terminate or expire without the actual delivery of units will be available for delivery pursuant to other awards. The LTIP will be administered by the Board or a committee thereof.

 

In March 2013, an aggregate of 237,490 phantom units (including the corresponding distribution equivalent rights) were granted under the LTIP to our general partner’s executive officers and employees and independent directors of our general partner. In the three months ending June 30, 2013, an aggregate of 14,947 phantom units (including the corresponding distribution equivalent rights) were granted under the LTIP to Partnership employees who perform services on behalf of the Partnership. The phantom units (including the corresponding distribution equivalent rights) awarded are subject to restrictions on transferability, customary forfeiture provisions and graded vesting provisions generally in which one-third of each award vests on the first, second, and third anniversaries of the date of grant. Award recipients do not have all the rights of a unitholder in the partnership with respect to the phantom units until the units have vested. The term “phantom unit” represents a time-vested unit. Such awards are non-vested until the required service period expires.

 

The fair value of the phantom units awarded to our general partner’s executive officers, employees and independent directors, was $4,955,000 based on the market price per unit on the date of grant. This amount will be recognized as compensation cost on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period. Our general partner’s executive officers, employees and independent directors were granted these awards to incentive them to help drive the Partnership’s future success and to share in the economic benefits of that success. The compensation costs associated with these awards are recorded as direct general and administrative expenses. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, we recognized $488,642 and $567,450, respectively, of compensation expense associated with these awards.

 

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The following table summarizes information regarding phantom unit awards for the periods presented:

 

 

 

Number of
Units

 

Weighted-
Average Grant
Date Fair Value
per Unit (1)

 

Phantom units outstanding at December 31, 2012

 

 

$

 

Granted

 

251,483

 

$

19.70

 

Phantom units outstanding at June 30, 2013

 

251,483

 

$

19.70

 

 


(1)         Determined by dividing the aggregate grant date fair value of awards by the number of awards issued.

 

The unrecognized compensation cost associated with phantom unit awards was an aggregate $4,387,550 at June 30, 2013. We expect to recognize the unrecognized compensation cost for these awards over a weighted-average period of 2.6 years.

 

Each phantom unit granted is granted in tandem with a corresponding distribution equivalent right (“DER”), which shall remain outstanding and unpaid from the grant date until the earlier of the payment or forfeiture of the related phantom units. Each vested DER shall entitle the participant to receive payments in the amount equal to any distributions made by the Partnership following the grant date in respect of the common unit underlying the phantom unit to which such DER relates.

 

(7)   Transactions with Related Parties

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2013, the Partnership incurred $49,315 of expenses related to a management fee under an agreement, between USA Compression Holdings, LLC and certain of its affiliates, for services provided January 1, 2013 through January 17, 2013. For the six months ended June 30, 2012, the Partnership incurred $500,000 of management fees under such agreement.

 

William Shea, who has served as a director of USA Compression GP, LLC since June 2011, is currently a director and the chief executive officer of the general partner of PVR Partners, L.P., or PVR. For the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, subsidiaries of PVR made compression services payments to us of approximately $0.8 million and $0.5 million, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, subsidiaries of PVR made compression services payments to us of approximately $1.5 million and $1.0 million, respectively.

 

The Partnership provides compression services to affiliated entities controlled by Riverstone, who owns and controls the Partnership’s general partner. For the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, affiliated entities made compression services payments to the Partnership of approximately $0.1 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, affiliated entities made compression services payments to the Partnership of approximately $0.3 million. The Partnership may provide compression services to additional entities controlled by Riverstone and significant transactions will be disclosed.

 

(8)   Commitments and Contingencies

 

(a)   Operating Leases

 

Rent expense for office space, warehouse facilities and certain corporate equipment for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, was $385,496 and $249,569, respectively, and for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, was $737,732 and $557,898, respectively.

 

Commitments for future minimum lease payments for noncancelable leases as of year ending June 30 are as follows:

 

2014

 

$

874,588

 

2015

 

807,277

 

2016

 

776,891

 

2017

 

744,562

 

2018

 

436,982

 

Thereafter

 

271,935

 

 

 

$

3,912,235

 

 

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(b)   Major Customers

 

The Partnership had revenue from two customers representing 16.0% and 7.4% of total revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and revenue from two customers representing 14.3% and 10.0% of total revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2012. The Partnership had revenue from two customers representing 15.2% and 8.4% of total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and revenue from two customers representing 13.9% and 10.3% of total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2012.

 

(c)   Litigation

 

The Partnership may be involved in various claims and litigation arising in the ordinary course of business. In management’s opinion, the resolution of such matters is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Partnership’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

(9)   Subsequent Event

 

On August 12, 2013, the Partnership entered into an agreement with S&R Compression LLC (“S&R”) and Argonaut Private Equity, L.L.C. (“Argonaut”), pursuant to which the Partnership will acquire from S&R certain assets and assume certain liabilities related to its business of providing compression services to third parties engaged in the exploration, production, gathering, processing, transportation or distribution of oil and gas.  The closing of the transaction is subject to customary conditions, and is expected to occur in the third quarter of 2013. In consideration, the Partnership has agreed, at the closing, to issue to S&R a number of common units representing 20% of all common units and subordinated units of the Partnership issued and outstanding as of the closing, calculated on a fully diluted basis after giving effect to such issuance (but excluding the general partner interests and incentive distribution rights).  The common units will not be registered pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), or any applicable state securities laws, and, at the time of issuance, will be restricted securities under the federal securities laws.

 

At closing, S&R intends to distribute the common units to certain accredited investors who are members or beneficial owners of S&R or its controlling member, Argonaut (the “Holders”).  As a condition to their receipt of common units, the Holders will enter into a Distribution Reinvestment Plan and Lock-Up Agreement (“DRIP Agreement”), pursuant to which the Holders will agree, subject to certain exceptions specified in the DRIP Agreement, to reinvest all distributions in respect of the common units for all periods through and including the quarterly period ending June 30, 2014 in the Partnership’s distribution reinvestment plan.  The obligation of the Holders to reinvest these distributions is conditioned on USA Compression Holdings, LLC and its affiliates making a similar election with respect to all common units and subordinated units owned by them.  The DRIP Agreement also prohibits the Holders from selling or otherwise disposing of the common units during the 180 day period following closing.

 

At closing, the Partnership will also enter into a Registration Rights Agreement with S&R, Argonaut and each Holder (“Registration Rights Agreement”), pursuant to which the Partnership will agree to file, on the earlier of (a) 30 days following the first date on which the Partnership becomes eligible to use Securities and Exchange Commission Form S-3 or (b) the first anniversary of the Closing, a registration statement under the Securities Act to permit the public resale of the common units and providing certain piggyback registration rights in favor of the Holders.  The obligations of the Partnership under the Registration Rights Agreement are subject to customary exceptions.

 

The Partnership and S&R have also agreed to enter into a requirements contract for compression units at closing (“Requirements Contract”), pursuant to which the Partnership and its subsidiaries will provide S&R with a right of first refusal to fulfill all of the requirements of the Partnership and its subsidiaries for small horsepower compression units until at least June 30, 2017.

 

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ITEM 2.                Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

DISCLOSURE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This report contains “forward-looking statements.” All statements other than statements of historical fact contained in this report are forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, statements regarding our plans, strategies, prospects and expectations concerning our business, results of operations and financial condition. You can identify many of these statements by looking for words such as “believe,” “expect,” “intend,” “project,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “continue” or similar words or the negative thereof.

 

Known material factors that could cause our actual results to differ from those in these forward-looking statements are described below, in Part II, Item 1A (“Risk Factors”) of this report. Important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements include, among other things:

 

·                  changes in general economic conditions;

 

·                  competitive conditions in our industry;

 

·                  changes in the long-term supply of and demand for natural gas;

 

·                  actions taken by our customers, competitors and third party operators;

 

·                  changes in the availability and cost of capital;

 

·                  operating hazards, natural disasters, weather related delays, casualty losses and other matters beyond our control;

 

·                  the effects of existing and future laws and governmental regulations; and

 

·                  the effects of future litigation.

 

All forward-looking statements included in this report are based on information available to us on the date of this report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the foregoing cautionary statements.

 

Overview

 

General Trends and Outlook

 

Our average monthly revenue per revenue generating horsepower declined slightly through 2012, as market rates in 2009 and early 2010 were lower than market rates prior to 2009, and as older contracts at higher rates expired, a larger percentage of our contracts were at the lower rates prevalent since 2009. During 2009 and early 2010, we elected to sign shorter term contracts wherever practical to limit our long-term exposure to the lower rates prevalent at the time. Rates improved in the second half of 2010 and remained relatively stable through 2011. While market rates generally improved during 2012 and the first half of 2013, we experienced pricing pressure across the horsepower ranges of our fleet (other than our largest horsepower units), and we expect to continue to experience pricing pressure through 2013. However, over the long term, we expect that continued improved pricing will ultimately improve our average monthly revenue per revenue generating horsepower as contracts that we entered into in 2009 and early 2010 expire and we enter into new contracts at higher rates. We intend to grow the number of large horsepower units in our fleet. While large horsepower units in general allow us to generate higher gross operating margins than lower horsepower units, they also generate lower average monthly revenue per revenue generating horsepower.

 

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Our ability to increase our revenues is dependent in large part on our ability to add new revenue generating compression units to our fleet and increase the utilization of idle compression units. During 2010, we began to see an increase in overall natural gas activity in the U.S. and experienced an increase in demand for our compression services that has continued through 2012 and the first half of 2013. Revenue generating horsepower increased by 10.1% from June 30, 2012 to June 30, 2013. The average revenue generating horsepower increased by 12.4% from the three months ended June 30, 2012 to the three months ended June 30, 2013. We believe the activity levels in the U.S. will continue to increase, particularly in shale plays. We anticipate this activity will result in higher demand for our compression services, which we believe should result in increasing revenues. However, the expected increase in overall natural gas activity and demand for our compression services may not occur for a variety of reasons. Please read “Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements”.

 

Operating Highlights

 

The following table summarizes certain horsepower and horsepower utilization percentages for the periods presented.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

2013

 

2012

 

Fleet horsepower (at period end)(1)

 

968,178

 

858,900

 

968,178

 

858,900

 

Revenue generating horsepower (at period end)(2)

 

836,427

 

759,498

 

836,427

 

759,498

 

Average revenue generating horsepower(3)

 

829,684

 

738,186

 

815,629

 

709,124

 

Revenue generating compression units (at period end)

 

1,001

 

948

 

1,001

 

948

 

Horsepower utilization(4):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At period end

 

94.0

%

94.9

%

94.0

%

94.9

%

Average for the period(5)

 

94.1

%

95.4

%

93.3

%

95.6

%

 


(1)         Fleet horsepower is horsepower for compression units that have been delivered to us (and excludes units on order). As of June 30, 2013, 47,675 horsepower had been delivered and 48,750 horsepower is expected to be delivered between July 2013 and November 2013.

 

(2)         Revenue generating horsepower is horsepower under contract for which we are billing a customer.

 

(3)         Calculated as the average of the month-end horsepower per revenue generating horsepower for each of the months in the period.

 

(4)         Horsepower utilization is calculated as (i)(a) revenue generating horsepower plus (b) horsepower in our fleet that is under contract, but is not yet generating revenue plus (c) horsepower not yet in our fleet that is under contract not yet generating revenue and that is subject to a purchase order, divided by (ii) total available horsepower less idle horsepower that is under repair. Horsepower utilization based on revenue generating horsepower and fleet horsepower at each applicable period end was 86.4%, 85.7% and 88.4% for the quarters ended June 30, 2013, March 31, 2013 and June 30, 2012, respectively.

 

(5)         Calculated as the average utilization for the months in the period based on utilization at the end of each month in the period. Average horsepower utilization based on revenue generating horsepower and fleet horsepower for each applicable period was 86.3%, 86.1% and 89.2% for the quarters ended June 30, 2013, March 31, 2013 and June 30, 2012, respectively.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30

 

Percent

 

Six Months Ended June 30

 

Percent

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

Change

 

2013

 

2012

 

Change

 

Other Financial Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross Operating Margin(1)

 

$

23,179

 

$

19,748

 

17.4

%

$

45,363

 

$

37,850

 

19.8

%

Adjusted EBITDA(2)

 

$

18,122

 

$

15,493

 

17.0

%

$

35,567

 

$

29,745

 

19.6

%

Gross operating margin percentage(3)

 

69.6

%

68.4

%

1.7

%

68.8

%

67.6

%

1.8

%

Adjusted EBITDA percentage(3)

 

54.4

%

53.7

%

1.3

%

54.8

%

53.1

%

3.2

%

 


(1)         Gross operating margin is a non-GAAP financial measure. We calculate gross operating margin as revenue less cost of operations, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense. We believe that gross operating margin is useful as a supplemental measure of our operating profitability. Gross operating margin should not be considered an alternative to, or more meaningful than, operating income or any other measure of financial performance presented in accordance with GAAP. Moreover, gross operating margin as presented may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. Because we capitalize assets, depreciation and amortization of equipment is a necessary element of our costs. To compensate for the limitations of gross operating margin as a measure of our performance, we believe that it is important to

 

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consider operating income determined under GAAP, as well as gross operating margin, to evaluate our operating profitability.

 

The following table reconciles gross operating margin to operating income, its most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, for each of the periods presented:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

2013

 

2012

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

(in thousands)

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contract operations

 

$

33,144

 

$

28,355

 

$

65,040

 

$

54,906

 

Parts and service

 

166

 

515

 

874

 

1,088

 

Total revenues

 

33,310

 

28,870

 

65,914

 

55,994

 

Cost of operations, exclusive of depreciation and amortization

 

10,131

 

9,122

 

20,551

 

18,144

 

Gross operating margin

 

23,179

 

19,748

 

45,363

 

37,850

 

Other operating and administrative costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

5,548

 

4,724

 

10,443

 

8,418

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

12,173

 

10,233

 

23,851

 

19,661

 

(Gain) loss on sale of assets

 

130

 

42

 

104

 

203

 

Total other operating and administrative costs and expenses

 

17,851

 

14,999

 

34,398

 

28,282

 

Operating income

 

$

5,328

 

$

4,749

 

$

10,965

 

$

9,568

 

 

(2)         For a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, to net income and cash flows from operating activities, its most directly comparable GAAP financial measures, see “Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”

 

(3)         Gross operating margin percentage and Adjusted EBITDA percentage are calculated as a percentage of revenue.

 

Gross operating margin, as a percentage of total revenues, increased to 69.6% for the three months ended June 30, 2013 from 68.4% for the three months ended June 30, 2012. The increase in gross operating margin was primarily attributable to a 15.4% increase in total revenues when comparing the periods due to an increase in average revenue generating horsepower and an average revenue per revenue generating horsepower, and offset by an 11.1% increase in cost of operations. Average revenue generating horsepower increased from 738,186 for the three months ended June 30, 2012 to 829,684 for the three months ended June 30, 2013, an increase of 12.4%. Average revenue per revenue generating horsepower per month increased to $13.55 for the three months ended June 30, 2013 from $13.38 for the three months ended June 30, 2012, an increase of 1.3%. The increase in cost of operations is attributable to (1) a $0.4 million increase in lubrication oil expenses due to a 21.4% increase in gallons consumed, (2) a $0.2 million increase in safety training expense and (3) a $0.8 million increase in labor and salaries, all of which are attributable to the increase in our fleet size.

 

Gross operating margin, as a percentage of total revenues, increased to 68.8% for the six months ended June 30, 2013 from 67.6% for the six months ended June 30, 2012. The increase in gross operating margin was primarily attributable to a 17.7% increase in total revenues when comparing the periods due to an increase in average revenue generating horsepower and an increase in average revenue per revenue generating horsepower, and offset by a 13.3% increase in cost of operations. Average revenue generating horsepower increased from 709,124 for the six months ended June 30, 2012 to 815,629 for the six months ended June 30, 2013, an increase of 15.0%. Average revenue per revenue generating horsepower per month increased to $13.57 for the six months ended June 30, 2013 from $13.41 for the six months ended June 30, 2012, an increase of 1.2%. The increase in cost of operations is attributable to (1) a $0.5 million increase in lubrication oil expenses due to a 14.4% increase in gallons consumed, (2) a $0.4 million increase in safety training expense and (3) a $1.4 million increase in labor and salaries, all of which are attributable to the increase in the our fleet size.

 

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Financial Results of Operations

 

Three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2012

 

The following table summarizes our results of operations for the periods presented:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

Percent

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

Change

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contract operations

 

$

33,144

 

$

28,355

 

16.9

%

Parts and service

 

166

 

515

 

(67.8

)%

Total revenues

 

33,310

 

28,870

 

15.4

%

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of operations, exclusive of depreciation and amortization

 

10,131

 

9,122

 

11.1

%

Selling, general and administrative

 

5,548

 

4,724

 

17.4

%

Depreciation and amortization

 

12,173

 

10,233

 

19.0

%

(Gain) loss on sale of assets

 

130

 

42

 

209.5

%

Total costs and expenses

 

27,982

 

24,121

 

16.0

%

Operating income

 

5,328

 

4,749

 

12.2

%

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

(2,871

)

(3,715

)

(22.7

)%

Other

 

2

 

11

 

(81.8

)%

Total other expense

 

(2,869

)

(3,704

)

(22.5

)%

Income before income tax expense

 

2,459

 

1,045

 

135.3

%

Income tax expense

 

58

 

48

 

20.8

%

Net income

 

$

2,401

 

$

997

 

140.8

%

 

Contract operations revenue. Contract operations revenue was $33.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $28.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2012, an increase of 16.9%, primarily due to an increase in average revenue generating horsepower and an increase in average revenue per revenue generating horsepower. Average revenue generating horsepower increased from 738,186 for the three months ended June 30, 2012 to 829,684 for the three months ended June 30, 2013, an increase of 12.4%. Average revenue per revenue generating horsepower per month increased from $13.38 for the three months ended June 30, 2012 to $13.55 for the three months ended June 30, 2013, an increase of 1.3%. Revenue generating horsepower was 836,427 at June 30, 2013 compared to 759,498 at June 30, 2012, a 10.1% increase.

 

Parts and service revenue. Parts and service revenue was $0.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $0.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2012, a 67.8% decrease.

 

Cost of operations, exclusive of depreciation and amortization. Cost of operations was $10.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $9.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012, an increase of 11.1%. The increase in cost of operations is attributable to (1) a $0.4 million increase in lubrication oil expenses due to a 21.4% increase in gallons consumed, (2) a $0.2 million increase in safety training expense and (3) a $0.8 million increase in labor and salaries, all of which are attributable to the increase in our fleet size. The cost of operations was 30.4% of revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2013 as compared to 31.6% for the three months ended June 30, 2012.

 

Selling, general and administrative expense. Selling, general and administrative expense was $5.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $4.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012, an increase of 17.4%. Approximately $0.3 million of the increase in selling, general and administrative expense related to salary increases due to an increase in employee headcount to support operations and sales management and certain executive positions to operate as a public company. Additionally, the Partnership expensed $0.5 million of unit-based compensation expense due to the issuance of phantom units under the Partnership’s Long Term Incentive Program. Other increases include (1) a $0.4 million increase due to professional fees for public company related expenses, (2) a $0.1 million increase due to office rent, (3) a $0.2 million increase in sales support services and (4) a $0.1 million increase in business and property insurance, all of which are attributable to increased employee headcount and support services, offset by a $0.5 million decrease in management fees that are not paid by the Partnership as a public company. The selling, general and administrative employee headcount was 66 at June 30, 2013, a 1.5% increase from June 30, 2012. The selling, general and administrative employee headcount increased to support the continued growth of the business. Selling, general and administrative expense represented 16.7% and 16.4% of revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

 

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Depreciation and amortization expense. Depreciation and amortization expense was $12.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $10.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012, an increase of 19.0%. The increase is related to an increase in property, plant and equipment of 13.8% over these periods.

 

Interest expense. Interest expense was $2.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $3.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012, a decrease of 22.7%. Included in interest expense is amortization of deferred loan costs of $0.5 million and $0.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Average borrowings outstanding under our revolving credit facility were $345.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $423.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012. Average borrowings were lower due to IPO proceeds less equipment purchases. Interest expense for both periods was related to borrowings under our revolving credit facility. Our revolving credit facility had an average interest rate of 2.44% and 2.99% at June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The composite fixed interest rate for $105.0 million of notional coverage under three interest rate swap instruments was 2.73% at June 30, 2012, of which interest rate swaps expired in 2012.

 

Income tax expense. We accrued approximately $58,000 and $48,000 in franchise tax for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, as a result of the Texas franchise tax. This tax is reflected in our financials as income tax in accordance with FASB ASC 740, which requires this classification for reporting purposes.

 

Six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2012

 

The following table summarizes our results of operations for the periods presented:

 

 

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

Percent

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

Change

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contract operations

 

$

65,040

 

$

54,906

 

18.5

%

Parts and service

 

874

 

1,088

 

(19.7

)%

Total revenues

 

65,914

 

55,994

 

17.7

%

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of operations, exclusive of depreciation and amortization

 

20,551

 

18,144

 

13.3

%

Selling, general and administrative

 

10,443

 

8,418

 

24.1

%

Depreciation and amortization

 

23,851

 

19,661

 

21.3

%

Loss on sale of assets

 

104

 

203

 

(48.8

)%

Total costs and expenses

 

54,949

 

46,426

 

18.4

%

Operating income

 

10,965

 

9,568

 

14.6

%

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

(5,934

)

(7,249

)

(18.1

)%

Other

 

5

 

16

 

(68.8

)%

Total other expense

 

(5,929

)

(7,233

)

(18.0

)%

Income before income tax expense

 

5,036

 

2,335

 

115.7

%

Income tax expense

 

114

 

96

 

18.8

%

Net income

 

$

4,922

 

$

2,239

 

119.8

%

 

Contract operations revenue. Contract operations revenue was $65.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $54.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2012, an increase of 18.5%, primarily due to an increase in average revenue generating horsepower and an increase in average revenue per revenue generating horsepower. Average revenue generating horsepower increased from 709,124 for the six months ended June 30, 2012 to 815,629 for the six months ended June 30, 2013, an increase of 15.0%. Average revenue per revenue generating horsepower per month increased from $13.41 for the six months ended June 30, 2012 to $13.57 for the six months ended June 30, 2013, an increase of 1.2%. Revenue generating horsepower was 836,427 at June 30, 2013 compared to 759,498 at June 30, 2012, a 10.1% increase.

 

Parts and service revenue. Parts and service revenue was $0.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $1.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2012, a 19.7% decrease.

 

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Cost of operations, exclusive of depreciation and amortization. Cost of operations was $20.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $18.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012, an increase of 13.3%. The increase in cost of operations is attributable to (1) a $0.5 million increase in lubrication oil expenses due to a 14.4% increase in gallons consumed, (2) a $0.4 million increase in safety training expense and (3) a $1.4 million increase in labor and salaries, all of which are attributable to the increase in our fleet size. The cost of operations was 31.2% of revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2013 as compared to 32.4% for the six months ended June 30, 2012.

 

Selling, general and administrative expense. Selling, general and administrative expense was $10.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $8.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012, an increase of 24.1%. Approximately $0.5 million of the increase in selling, general and administrative expense related to salary increases due to an increase in employee headcount to support operations and sales management and certain executive positions to operate as a public company. Additionally, the Partnership expensed $0.6 million of unit-based compensation expense due to the issuance of phantom units under the Partnership’s Long Term Incentive Program that was approved in March of 2013. Other increases include (1) $0.6 million due to professional fees and outside services for public company related expenses, (2) $0.2 million due to increased computer and software expenses, (3) $0.3 million in sales support services and (4) $0.3 million of increased business and property insurance, all of which are attributable to increased employee headcount and support services, offset by a $0.5 million decrease in management fees that are not paid by the Partnership as a public company. The selling, general and administrative employee headcount was 66 at June 30, 2013, a 1.5% increase from June 30, 2012. The selling, general and administrative employee headcount increased to support the continued growth of the business. Selling, general and administrative expense represented 15.8% and 15.0% of revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

 

Depreciation and amortization expense. Depreciation and amortization expense was $23.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $19.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012, an increase of 21.3%. The increase is related to an increase in property, plant and equipment of 13.8% over these periods.

 

Interest expense. Interest expense was $5.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $7.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012, a decrease of 18.1%. Included in interest expense is amortization of deferred loan costs of $0.9 million and $0.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Average borrowings outstanding under our revolving credit facility were $354.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $400.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012. Average borrowings were lower due to IPO proceeds less equipment purchases.  Interest expense for both periods was related to borrowings under our revolving credit facility. Our revolving credit facility had an average interest rate of 2.45% and 3.00% at June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The composite fixed interest rate for $105.0 million of notional coverage under three interest rate swap instruments was 2.73% at June 30, 2012, of which interest rate swaps expired in 2012.

 

Income tax expense. We accrued approximately $114,000 and $96,000 in franchise tax for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, as a result of the Texas franchise tax. This tax is reflected in our financials as income tax in accordance with FASB ASC 740, which requires this classification for reporting purposes.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The following table summarizes our sources and uses of cash for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 as of the end of the periods presented:

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

$

25,509

 

$

18,022

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(52,819

)

(105,313

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

27,309

 

87,295

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities. Net cash provided by operating activities increased to $25.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013, from $18.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012. The increase relates primarily to a higher income level in 2013, offset by a $1.5 million lower use of working capital in 2013.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Net cash used in investing activities. Net cash used in investing activities decreased to $52.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013, from $105.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012. The decrease relates primarily to lower capital expenditures of $52.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2013, offset by $0.1 million of proceeds from the sale of equipment during the six months ended June 30, 2013.

 

Net cash provided by financing activities. Net cash provided by financing activities was $27.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013, compared to $87.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012. The change is due to lower net borrowings under our revolving credit facility for the six months ended June 30, 2013 due to the initial public offering proceeds that were used to pay down debt versus net borrowings for the six months ended June 30, 2012, which related to higher levels of expansion capital expenditures.

 

Capital Expenditures

 

The compression business is capital intensive, requiring significant investment to maintain, expand and upgrade existing operations. Our capital requirements have consisted primarily of, and we anticipate that our capital requirements will continue to consist primarily of, the following:

 

·                  maintenance capital expenditures, which are capital expenditures made to replace partially or fully depreciated assets, to maintain the operating capacity of our assets and extend their useful lives, or other capital expenditures that are incurred in maintaining our existing business and related cash flow; and

 

·                  expansion capital expenditures, which are capital expenditures made to expand the operating capacity or revenue generating capacity of existing or new assets, including by acquisition of compression units or through modification of existing compression units to increase their capacity.

 

We expect that our maintenance capital expenditure requirements will continue to increase as the overall size and age of our fleet increases. Our aggregate maintenance capital expenditures for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 were $6.8 million and $7.5 million, respectively.

 

Given our growth objective, we anticipate that we will continue to make significant expansion capital expenditures. Our expansion capital expenditures for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 were $46.1 million and $107.1 million, respectively.

 

In addition to organic growth, we may also consider a variety of assets or businesses for potential acquisition. We expect to fund any future acquisitions primarily with capital from external financing sources, such as issuance of debt and equity securities, including our issuance of additional common units and future debt offerings.

 

Description of Revolving Credit Facility

 

On June 1, 2012, we entered into the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement in order to provide a structure that is more appropriate for a public company than was our prior credit agreement. The Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement became effective on January 18, 2013, the closing date of our initial public offering. On December 10, 2012, we amended the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement to extend the periods during which the maximum funded debt to EBITDA ratio thresholds will apply. In addition, borrowing availability under the revolving credit facility was linked to our asset base, with the increased maximum capacity of $600 million (subject to a further potential increase of $50 million). The revolving credit facility is secured by a first priority lien against our assets and matures on October 5, 2015, at which point all amounts outstanding will become due.

 

Interest is due and payable in arrears and calculated, at our option, on either a floating rate basis, payable monthly or on a LIBOR basis, payable at the end of the applicable LIBOR period (1, 2, 3 or 6 months), but no less frequently than quarterly. LIBOR borrowings bear interest at LIBOR for the applicable period plus a margin of 2.50% to 1.75% based on our leverage ratio of funded debt to consolidated EBITDA, each as defined in the amended and restated credit agreement. Floating rate borrowings will bear interest at a rate per annum that is the higher of bank prime rate, the federal funds rate plus 0.50% or the LIBOR rate for a 1 month period plus 1%, without additional margin. The revolving credit facility includes a $20 million sub-line for issuing letters of credit

 

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Table of Contents

 

for a fee at a per annum rate equal to the margin for LIBOR borrowings on the average daily undrawn stated amount of each letter of credit issued under the revolving credit facility.

 

Our Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement permits us to make distributions of available cash to unitholders so long as (a) no default or event of default under the facility occurs or would result from the distribution, (b) immediately prior to and after giving effect to such distribution, we are in compliance with the facility’s financial covenants and (c) immediately after giving effect to such distribution, we have availability under the revolving credit facility of at least $20 million. In addition, the amended and restated credit agreement contains various covenants that may limit, among other things, our ability to:

 

·                  grant liens;

 

·                  make certain loans or investments;

 

·                  incur additional indebtedness or guarantee other indebtedness;

 

·                  subject to exceptions, enter into transactions with affiliates;

 

·                  sell our assets; or

 

·                  acquire additional assets.

 

Our Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement also contains financial covenants requiring us to maintain:

 

·                  a minimum EBITDA to interest coverage ratio of 2.5 to 1.0; and

 

·                  a maximum funded debt to EBITDA ratio, determined as of the last day of each fiscal quarter, for the twelve month period then ending of (a) 5.50 to 1.0, with respect to any fiscal quarter ending on or after January 18, 2013, which was the closing date of our initial public offering, through March 31, 2014 or (b) 5.00 to 1.0, with respect to the fiscal quarter ending June 30, 2014 and each fiscal quarter thereafter, in each case subject to a provision for increases to such thresholds by 0.5 in connection with certain future acquisitions for the six consecutive month period following the period in which any such acquisition occurs.

 

If an event of default exists under the revolving credit facility, the lenders will be able to accelerate the maturity of the revolving credit facility and exercise other rights and remedies.

 

As of June 30, 2013, we were in compliance with all of the covenants under our current credit agreement.

 

Distributions to Unitholders

 

On May 15, 2013, the Partnership paid a cash distribution for the first quarter of 2013 of approximately $10.3 million to its unitholders of record as of the close of business on May 3, 2013 at the rate of $0.348 per unit on its common and subordinated units. This prorated amount corresponds to 72 days of a quarterly cash distribution rate of $0.435 per unit. On July 23, 2013, the Partnership announced a cash distribution for the second quarter of 2013 of $0.44 per unit on its common and subordinated units, to be paid on August 14, 2013 to unitholders of record as of the close of business on August 2, 2013. USA Compression Holdings, LLC, the owner of 62.6% of the Partnership’s outstanding common and subordinated units, has elected to reinvest under the Partnership’s Distribution Reinvestment Plan all of this distribution with respect to its units.

 

Distribution Reinvestment Plan

 

We have an effective registration statement with the SEC that registers the issuance of up to 4,150,000 of our common units in connection with a distribution reinvestment plan (“DRIP”). The DRIP provides unitholders of record and beneficial owners of our common units a means by which they can increase the number of common units they own by reinvesting the quarterly cash distributions they would otherwise receive into the purchase of additional

 

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Table of Contents

 

common units. This registration statement became effective on July 2, 2013. As of June 30, 2013, 285,271 common units had been issued under this registration statement in connection with the first quarter distribution.

 

Total Contractual Cash Obligations

 

The following table summarizes our total contractual cash obligations as of June 30, 2013:

 

 

 

Payments Due by Period

 

 

 

Total

 

1 year

 

2 - 3 years

 

4-5 years

 

More than
5 years

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Contractual Obligations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt(1)

 

$

352,952

 

$

 

$

352,952

 

$

 

$

 

Interest on long-term debt obligations(2)

 

19,560

 

8,612

 

10,948

 

 

 

Equipment/capital purchases(3)

 

42,220

 

42,220

 

 

 

 

Operating lease obligations(4)

 

3,912

 

874

 

1,584

 

1,182

 

272

 

Total contractual cash obligations

 

$

418,644

 

$

51,706

 

$

365,484

 

$

1,182

 

$

272

 

 


(1)         Represents future principal repayments under our revolving credit facility.

(2)         Represents future interest payments under our revolving credit facility based on the interest rate at June 30, 2013 of 2.44%.

(3)         Represents commitments for new compression units that are being fabricated.

(4)         Represents commitments for future minimum lease payments for noncancelable leases.

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

We define Adjusted EBITDA as our net income before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation expense, impairment of compression equipment, unit-based compensation expense, restructuring charges and management fees. We view Adjusted EBITDA as one of our primary management tools, and we track this item on a monthly basis both as an absolute amount and as a percentage of revenue compared to the prior month, year-to-date and prior year and to budget. Adjusted EBITDA is used as a supplemental financial measure by our management and external users of our financial statements, such as investors and commercial banks, to assess:

 

·                  the financial performance of our assets without regard to the impact of financing methods, capital structure or historical cost basis of our assets;

 

·                  the viability of capital expenditure projects and the overall rates of return on alternative investment opportunities;

 

·                  the ability of our assets to generate cash sufficient to make debt payments and to make distributions; and

 

·                  our operating performance as compared to those of other companies in our industry without regard to the impact of financing methods and capital structure.

 

We believe that Adjusted EBITDA provides useful information to investors because, when viewed with our GAAP results and the accompanying reconciliations, it provides a more complete understanding of our performance than GAAP results alone. We also believe that external users of our financial statements benefit from having access to the same financial measures that management uses in evaluating the results of our business.

 

Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered an alternative to, or more meaningful than, net income, operating income, cash flows from operating activities or any other measure of financial performance presented in accordance with GAAP as measures of operating performance and liquidity. Moreover, our Adjusted EBITDA as presented may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

 

Adjusted EBITDA does not include interest expense, income taxes, depreciation expense, impairment of compression equipment, unit-based compensation expense, restructuring charges and management fees. Because we borrow money under our revolving credit facility and have historically utilized operating leases to finance our operations, interest expense and operating lease expense are necessary elements of our costs. Because we use capital

 

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Table of Contents

 

assets, depreciation and impairment of compression equipment is also a necessary element of our costs. Unit-based compensation expense related to equity awards to employees is also necessary to operate our business. Therefore, measures that exclude these elements have material limitations. To compensate for these limitations, we believe that it is important to consider both net income and net cash provided by operating activities determined under GAAP, as well as Adjusted EBITDA, to evaluate our financial performance and our liquidity. Our Adjusted EBITDA excludes some, but not all, items that affect net income and net cash provided by operating activities, and these measures may vary among companies. Management compensates for the limitations of Adjusted EBITDA as an analytical tool by reviewing the comparable GAAP measures, understanding the differences between the measures and incorporating this knowledge into management’s decision making processes.

 

The following table reconciles Adjusted EBITDA to net income and net cash provided by operating activities, its most directly comparable GAAP financial measures, for each of the periods presented:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

2013

 

2012

 

Net income

 

$

2,401

 

$

997

 

$

4,922

 

$

2,239

 

Interest expense

 

2,871

 

3,715

 

5,934

 

7,249

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

12,173

 

10,233

 

23,851

 

19,661

 

Income taxes

 

58

 

48

 

114

 

96

 

Unit-based compensation expense

 

489

 

 

567

 

 

Riverstone management fee(1)

 

 

500

 

49

 

500

 

Other

 

130

 

 

130

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

18,122

 

$

15,493

 

$

35,567

 

$

29,745

 

Interest expense

 

(2,871

)

(3,715

)

(5,934

)

(7,249

)

Income tax expense

 

(58

)

(48

)

(114

)

(96

)

Unit-based compensation expense

 

(489

)

 

(567

)

 

Riverstone management fee

 

 

(500

)

(49

)

(500

)

Other

 

959

 

(361

)

1,466

 

(512

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable and advance to employee

 

(471

)

(56

)

(2,122

)

(495

)

Inventory

 

(634

)

1,351

 

(1,665

)

(226

)

Prepaids

 

465

 

126

 

370

 

498

 

Other non-current assets

 

(4

)

(428

)

3,838

 

(591

)

Accounts payable

 

285

 

908

 

(7,074

)

(5,182

)

Accrued liabilities and deferred revenue

 

845

 

728

 

1,793

 

2,630

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

$

16,149

 

$

13,498

 

$

25,509

 

$

18,022

 

 


(1)         Represents management fees of $49,315 paid to Riverstone for services performed prior to January 18, 2013, the closing date of the Partnership’s initial public offering. As these fees will not be paid by us as a public company, we believe it is useful to investors to view our results excluding these fees.

 

We define distributable cash flow as net income (loss) plus non-cash interest expense, depreciation and amortization expense, impairment of compression equipment charges, and non-cash SG&A costs, less maintenance capital expenditures. We believe distributable cash flow is an important measure of operating performance because it allows management, investors and others to compare basic cash flows we generate (prior to the establishment of any retained cash reserves by our general partner) to the cash distributions we expect to pay our unitholders. Using distributable cash flow, management can quickly compute the coverage ratio of estimated cash flows to planned cash distributions. Our distributable cash flow may not be comparable to a similarly titled measure of another company because other entities may not calculate distributable cash flow in the same manner.

 

Distributable cash flow is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP, and should not be considered in isolation or as an alternative to net income (loss), cash flows from operating activities and other measures determined in accordance with GAAP. Items excluded from distributable cash flow are significant and necessary components to the operations of our business, and, therefore, distributable cash flow should only be used as a supplemental measure of our operating performance.

 

The following table reconciles our net income to distributable cash flow for each of the periods presented:

 

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Table of Contents

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

2013

 

2012

 

Net income

 

$

2,401

 

$

997

 

$

4,922

 

$

2,239

 

Plus: Non-cash interest expense

 

471

 

404

 

924

 

767

 

Plus: Depreciation and amortization

 

12,173

 

10,233

 

23,851

 

19,661

 

Plus: Unit-based compensation expense

 

489

 

 

567

 

 

Less: Maintenance capital expenditures(1)

 

3,667

 

4,859

 

6,785

 

7,453

 

Distributable cash flow

 

$

11,867

 

$

6,775

 

$

23,479

 

$

15,214

 

 


(1)         Reflects actual maintenance capital expenditures for the period presented. Maintenance capital expenditures are capital expenditures made to replace partially or fully depreciated assets, to maintain the operating capacity of our assets and extend their useful lives, or other capital expenditures that are incurred in maintaining our existing business and related cash flow.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have not entered into any transactions, agreements or other contractual arrangements that would result in off-balance sheet liabilities.

 

ITEM 3.                        Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Commodity Price Risk

 

Market risk is the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices. We do not take title to any natural gas in connection with our services and, accordingly, have no direct exposure to fluctuating commodity prices. The demand for our compression services depends upon the continued demand for, and production of, natural gas and crude oil. Lower natural gas prices or crude oil prices over the long term could result in a decline in the production of natural gas or crude oil, which could result in reduced demand for our compression services. We do not intend to hedge our indirect exposure to fluctuating commodity prices.

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

We are exposed to market risk due to variable interest rates under our financing arrangements.

 

As of June 30, 2013 we had approximately $353.0 million of variable-rate outstanding indebtedness at a weighted-average interest rate of 2.45%. A 1% increase in the effective interest rate on our variable-rate outstanding debt at June 30, 2013 would result in an annual increase in our interest expense of approximately $3.5 million.

 

For further information regarding our use exposure to interest rate fluctuations on a portion of our debt obligations see Note 4 to the Financial Statements.

 

Credit Risk

 

Our credit exposure generally relates to receivables for services provided. If any significant customer of ours should have credit or financial problems resulting in a delay or failure to repay the gas they owe to us, this could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

 

ITEM 4.                        Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

As required by Rule 13a-15(b) of the Exchange Act, we have evaluated, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate, and is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Commission. Based upon the evaluation,

 

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Table of Contents

 

our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2013 at the reasonable assurance level.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) during the last fiscal quarter that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.                        Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time we may be involved in litigation relating to claims arising out of our operations in the normal course of business. We are not currently a party to any legal proceedings that we believe would have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows

 

ITEM 1A.               Risk Factors

 

Security holders and potential investors in our securities should carefully consider the risk factors set forth in Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012. We have identified these risk factors as important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those contained in any written or oral forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf.

 

ITEM 5.                        Other Information

 

On August 12, 2013, the Partnership entered into a Contribution Agreement (the “Contribution Agreement”) with S& R Compression LLC (“S&R”) and Argonaut Private Equity, L.L.C. (“Argonaut”), pursuant to which, among other things, the Partnership will acquire from S&R certain assets and assume certain liabilities related to its business of providing compression services to third parties engaged in the exploration, production, gathering, processing, transportation or distribution of oil and gas (the “Contributed Business”).  The Contribution Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and covenants, including indemnification covenants, in each case on terms, conditions and limitations described in the Contribution Agreement.  The closing of the transactions contemplated by the Contribution Agreement (the “Closing”) is subject to customary conditions, including compliance with the applicable requirements of the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, and is expected to occur in the third quarter of 2013.

 

In consideration for the Contributed Business, the Partnership has agreed, at the Closing, to issue to S&R a number of common units (the “New Common Units”) representing 20% of all common units and subordinated units of the Partnership issued and outstanding as of the Closing, calculated on a fully diluted basis after giving effect to such issuance (but excluding the general partner interests and incentive distribution rights).  The New Common Units will not be registered pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), or any applicable state securities laws, and, at the time of issuance, will be restricted securities under the federal securities laws.

 

At the Closing, S&R intends to distribute the New Common Units to certain accredited investors who are members or beneficial owners of S&R or its controlling member, Argonaut (the “Holders”).  As a condition to their receipt of New Common Units, the Holders will enter into a Distribution Reinvestment Plan and Lock-Up Agreement, the form of which is included as an exhibit to the Contribution Agreement (the “DRIP Agreement”), pursuant to which the Holders will agree, subject to certain exceptions specified in the DRIP Agreement, to reinvest all distributions in respect of the New Common Units for all periods through and including the quarterly period ending June 30, 2014 in the Partnership’s distribution reinvestment plan.  The obligation of the Holders to reinvest these distributions is conditioned on USA Compression Holdings, LLC and its affiliates making a similar election with respect to all common units and subordinated units owned by them.  The DRIP Agreement also prohibits the Holders from selling or otherwise disposing of the New Common Units during the 180 day period following the Closing.

 

At the Closing, the Partnership will also enter into a Registration Rights Agreement with S&R, Argonaut and each Holder, the form of which is included as an exhibit to the Contribution Agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”), pursuant to which the Partnership will agree to file, on the earlier of (a) 30 days following the first date on which the Partnership becomes eligible to use Securities and Exchange Commission Form S-3 or (b) the first anniversary of the Closing, a registration statement under the Securities Act to permit the public resale of the New Common Units and providing certain piggyback registration rights in favor of the Holders.  The obligations of the Partnership under the Registration Rights Agreement are subject to customary exceptions.

 

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Table of Contents

 

The Partnership and S&R have also agreed to enter into a requirements contract for compression units at the Closing (the “Requirements Contract”), pursuant to which the Partnership and its subsidiaries will provide S&R with a right of first refusal to fulfill all of the requirements of the Partnership and its subsidiaries for small horsepower compression units until at least June 30, 2017.

 

A copy of the Contribution Agreement is attached as Exhibit 2.1 to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, is incorporated by reference and is hereby filed.  The description of the Contribution Agreement, the DRIP Election and the Registration Rights Agreement in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is a summary and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the complete text of such agreement.

 

Cautionary Note Regarding Contribution Agreement

 

The Contribution Agreement has been included to provide investors with information regarding its terms.  It is not intended to provide any other factual information about the Contributed Business, S&R, Argonaut or USAC.  In particular, the representations and warranties contained in the Contribution Agreement were made only for the purposes of the Contribution Agreement as of the specific dates therein, and were solely for the benefit of the parties to the Contribution Agreement.

 

The representations and warranties contained in the Contribution Agreement may be subject to limitations agreed upon by the parties to the Contribution Agreement and are qualified by information in confidential disclosure schedules provided by S&R and USAC in connection with the signing of the Contribution Agreement.  These confidential disclosure schedules contain information that modifies, qualifies and creates exceptions to the representations and warranties set forth in the Contribution Agreement.  Moreover, certain representations and warranties in the Contribution Agreement may be subject to a standard of materiality provided for in the Contribution Agreement and have been used for the purpose of allocating risk among the parties to the Contribution Agreement, rather than establishing matters of fact.  Information concerning the subject matter of the representations and warranties may also change after the date of the Contribution Agreement, which subsequent information may not be fully disclosed in the parties’ public disclosures.  Accordingly, the representations and warranties in the Contribution Agreement may not constitute the actual state of facts about the Contributed Business, S&R, Argonaut or USAC.  Investors are not third party beneficiaries under the Contribution Agreement and should not rely on the representations, warranties and covenants or any descriptions thereof as characterizations of the actual state of facts or conditions of the Contributed Business, S&R, Argonaut or USAC, or any of their respective subsidiaries or affiliates.

 

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Table of Contents

 

 

ITEM 6.                        Exhibits

 

Exhibit No.

 

Description

2.1 **

 

Contribution Agreement dated August 12, 2013, by and among USA Compression Partners, LP, S&R Compression, LLC and Argonaut Private Equity, L.L.C.

 

 

 

3.1

 

Certificate of Limited Partnership of USA Compression Partners, LP (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Amendment No. 3 of the Partnership’s registration statement on Form S-1 (Registration No. 333-174803) filed on December 21, 2011)

 

 

 

3.2

 

First Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership of USA Compression Partners, LP (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Partnership’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 001-35779) filed on January 18, 2013)

 

 

 

31.1 *

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

 

31.2 *

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

 

32.1 *#

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

 

32.2 *#

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

 

101.1 †

 

Interactive data files pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T

 


*                 Filed herewith.

 

**          The schedules to this agreement have been omitted from this filing pursuant to Item 601 (b)(2) of Regulation S-K. The Partnership will furnish copies of such schedules to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request.

 

#                 Not considered to be “filed” for the purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section.

 

                 Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, these interactive data files are deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of sections 11 and 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, are deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and otherwise are not subject to any liability under those sections.

 

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Table of Contents

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

August 14, 2013

USA Compression Partners, LP

 

 

 

By:

USA Compression GP, LLC

 

 

its General Partner

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Eric D. Long

 

 

Eric D. Long

 

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

 

 

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Joseph C. Tusa, Jr.

 

 

Joseph C. Tusa, Jr.

 

 

Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

 

 

(Principal Financial Officer)

 

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Table of Contents

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit No.

 

Description

2.1 **

 

Contribution Agreement dated August 12, 2013, by and among USA Compression Partners, LP, S&R Compression, LLC and Argonaut Private Equity, L.L.C.

 

 

 

3.1

 

Certificate of Limited Partnership of USA Compression Partners, LP (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Amendment No. 3 of the Partnership’s registration statement on Form S-1 (Registration No. 333-174803) filed on December 21, 2011)

 

 

 

3.2

 

First Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership of USA Compression Partners, LP (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Partnership’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 001-35779) filed on January 18, 2013)

 

 

 

31.1 *

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

 

31.2 *

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

 

32.1 *#

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

 

32.2 *#

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

 

101.1 †

 

Interactive data files pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T

 


*                 Filed herewith.

 

**          The schedules to this agreement have been omitted from this filing pursuant to Item 601 (b)(2) of Regulation S-K. The Partnership will furnish copies of such schedules to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request.

 

#                 Not considered to be “filed” for the purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section.

 

                 Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, these interactive data files are deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of sections 11 and 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, are deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and otherwise are not subject to any liability under those sections.

 

28


Exhibit 2.1

 

EXECUTION COPY

 

CONTRIBUTION AGREEMENT

 

by and among

 

USA COMPRESSION PARTNERS, LP,

 

S&R COMPRESSION, LLC,

 

and

 

ARGONAUT PRIVATE EQUITY, L.L.C.

 

August 12, 2013

 



 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

ARTICLE I

DEFINITIONS

 

1.1

Certain Definitions

1

 

 

 

ARTICLE II

CONTRIBUTION; CLOSING

 

2.1

Transfer of Contributed Assets

14

2.2

Excluded Assets

15

2.3

Consideration

15

2.4

Net Cash

16

2.5

The Closing

18

2.6

Closing Deliveries

18

2.7

Assumed Liabilities

20

2.8

Allocation of Consideration

20

 

 

 

ARTICLE III

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE S&R PARTIES

 

3.1

Organization

21

3.2

Power

22

3.3

Authority; Enforceability

22

3.4

Consents; Absence of Conflicts

22

3.5

Ownership; No Equity Interests

22

3.6

Absence of Changes

23

3.7

Real Property

24

3.8

Personal Property; Contributed Assets

24

3.9

Permits

25

3.10

Contracts

26

3.11

Brokers’ Fees

26

3.12

Financial Statements; Intercompany Payables

26

3.13

No Undisclosed Liabilities

27

3.14

Legal Compliance

27

3.15

Taxes

27

3.16

Litigation

28

3.17

Customers, Vendors and Suppliers

28

3.18

Employees; Employee Relations

28

3.19

Employee Benefit Matters

29

3.20

Environmental Matters

30

3.21

Books and Records

32

3.22

Assets Necessary to the Contributed Business

32

3.23

Inventory

32

3.24

Intellectual Property

32

3.25

Accounts Receivable

33

3.26

Accredited Investor; Investment Intent

33

 

i



 

ARTICLE IV

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF USAC

 

4.1

Organization

34

4.2

Power

34

4.3

Authority; Enforceability

34

4.4

Absence of Conflicts

35

4.5

Capitalization

35

4.6

Valid Issuance

35

4.7

SEC Reports; Financial Statements

35

4.8

Taxes

36

4.9

Brokers’ Fees

36

4.10

Absence of Changes

36

 

 

 

ARTICLE V

COVENANTS

 

5.1

Non-Competition and Non-Solicitation

37

5.2

Further Assurances

39

5.3

Regulatory Approvals

40

5.4

Access

40

5.5

Notification of Certain Matters

41

5.6

Intellectual Property; Books and Records

41

5.7

Operation of Contributed Business

41

5.8

Operation of Business of USAC

43

5.9

Financial Statements

43

5.10

Casualty

44

5.11

Discharge of Business Obligations After Closing

45

5.12

Termination of Certain Services and Contracts

45

5.13

Tax Matters

45

5.14

Insurance

47

5.15

Employee and Benefit Matters

47

5.16

Publicity

48

5.17

Confidentiality

48

5.18

Non-Consent Contracts

48

5.19

Customer Contracts

49

5.20

Purchase Agreement; Price Efficiencies

49

5.21

Further Assurances

49

5.22

Litigation Support

49

5.23

New Common Units Legends

49

5.24

Formation of OpCo and LeaseCo

50

 

 

 

ARTICLE VI

USAC’S CONDITIONS TO CLOSING

 

6.1

Representations and Warranties

50

6.2

Performance

51

6.3

Officer’s Certificate

51

 

ii



 

6.4

Merger

51

6.5

Deliveries

51

6.6

Net Cash

51

6.7

Regulatory Approvals

51

6.8

Employment

51

6.9

Litigation

51

6.10

Liens

51

6.11

Customer Contract Conversion

52

6.12

Financial Statements

52

6.13

Transition Services

52

 

 

 

ARTICLE VII

S&R PARTIES’ CONDITIONS TO CLOSING

 

7.1

Representations and Warranties

52

7.2

Performance

52

7.3

Officer’s Certificate

52

7.4

Deliveries

52

7.5

Litigation

52

7.6

Regulatory Approvals

52

7.7

Transition Services

53

 

 

 

ARTICLE VIII

TERMINATION